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CMP Blood Test for mapping Body’s Chemical Balance & Metabolism

Posted On Thursday 13th April 2017 12:31 PM

A Comprehensive Metabolic Panel Blood Test or CMP Blood Test is a group of tests that provide a clear picture of the body’s chemical balance and metabolic activities. The test panel typically includes measurement of sugar levels, electrolyte and fluid balance, liver function and kidney function.

Why is CMP Blood Test Done?

Glucose, a type of sugar, offers energy to the body. Electrolytes, on the other hand, keep the body’s fluids in check and defined range. They aid in the proper functionality of the internal organs including the heart’s rhythmic movement, muscle contraction, brain function and more. Kidney function test helps in analyzing the performance of the vital organ – maintenance of water level, salts, and minerals in the blood stream. Lastly, the liver function test helps in assessing the digestion process of the digestive system in addition to checking proper production of specific vitamins and other substances required by the body.

CMP blood test is usually ordered as a part of a regular health examination. It aids in checking medical conditions such as hypertension, diabetes and more. CMP blood test cost is relatively budgeted, and the test service is offered by all the leading pathology labs, diagnostic chains and medical centers of the country.

How is CMP Blood Test Performed?

During a CMP blood test, a small amount of blood is drawn from one of the veins of the body, typically from the ones found near the elbow or back of the hand. The sample of blood is collected in special sterilized tube which is then sent to blood lab for further testing and analysis.

Being a simple blood test, it poses no risk to the health of an individual. However, in rare cases, a person is expected to experience a sinking feeling or itchiness near the point of puncture. This generally disappears within a matter of minutes.

How to Interpret CMP Blood Test Results?

CMP Blood test results explained below mark normal ranges.

  • Albumin Level: 3.4 to 5.4 g/dL
  • Blood Urea Nitrogen: 6 to 20 mg/dL
  • Aspartate aminotransferase: 10 to 34 IU/L
  • Calcium Level: 8.5 to 10.2 mg/dL
  • Carbon Dioxide: 23 to 29 mEq/L
  • Alkaline phosphatase: 44 to 147 IU/L
  • Total protein Level: 6.0 to 8.3 g/dL
  • Chloride: 96 - 106 mEq/L
  • Alanine Aminotransferase: 10 to 40 IU/L
  • Creatinine Level: 0.6 to 1.3 mg/dL
  • Potassium: 3.7 to 5.2 mEq/L
  • Total bilirubin Level: 0.3 to 1.9 mg/dL
  • Sodium: 135 to 145 mEq/L
  • Glucose: 70 to 100 mg/dL

Abnormal results in CMP blood test fasting mean a deviation of the above-mentioned values from their normal range. This happens due to the presence of a medical condition in the body, such as failure of kidney, breathing problem, a diabetic complication, liver failure, and more.

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